A camera with lens that can keep it sharp is the cheapest.
This will usually be Canon 4.3″, 35mm, 1.6× crop sensors from the 1970s, 1980s and 1991. If you have a 1.4× APS-C sensor from any era in a 35mm format, you should probably also pick one up in a 1.2× crop.
So if your budget is $2,000 to $6,000, then the cheapest camera on the market for editing – especially in light of the new 4K/60p and the increasing crop sensor availability – is a Canon 5D Mark III, which is a 1.7x crop. And at $4,000 (plus shipping), the Canon 5D Mark III is still a better value than most of the digital SLR cameras in this range. That would be Nikon and Olympus offerings, the Olympus OM-D and the Olympus E-M1 Mark II, which respectively will only cost $3,000 to $6,500.
I’m also a sucker for retro cameras that still use the days they were developed in, which can be an expensive proposition. The Zeiss Ikon series of lenses is a particularly interesting one, for both the vintage photography enthusiast and the retro photography enthusiast. The Zeiss Ikon 2/70 macro is a great retro camera if you have a good camera to shoot on, like a Nikon F or a Zeiss Ikon 20/2.8/24. It allows you to shoot with an ultra-compact body for the first time, or you can move up to a full-frame for more versatility.
Canon 6D Mark II or 4K/60p
I’ve talked before about how I think the Canon 6D Mark II is the ideal combination of size, light weight, and portability for shooting in HD, and I’ve written a whole column on that topic here. For those that want to do an epic project like a documentary on the Apollo missions, I expect that Canon would be a great camera partner. But if you’re just starting out, then a Canon 5D Mark III, a Canon 5D Mark II, or a similar body – with a 1.8× sensor, a 1.4× sensor, or something else – will probably work just as well. The Nikon D3 or D50 is also a viable option, but as the D3 isn’t really designed for documentary-style shots,
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